2018  |  2017  |  2016  |  2015  |  2014  |  2013  |  2012  |  2011  |  2010  |  2005-2009     
Papers from Postdoctoral Research  |  Papers from Ph.D. Research  

(Bolded name indicates group member):


Larson, S. M., D. J. Vimont, A. C. Clement, and B. P. Kirtman, 2018: How Momentum Coupling Affects SST Variance and Large-Scale Pacific Climate Variability in CESM​. 


Sharifi, A., L. N. Murphy, A. Pourmand, A. C. Clement, Elizabeth A. Canuel, A. Na. Beni, H. A. K. Lahijani, He. Ahmady-Birgani, 2017Early Holocene greening of the Afro-Asian dust belt changed sources of mineral dust in West Asia

Murphy, L.N.,  Goes, M., Clement, A.C., 2017: The role of African dust on Atlantic  climate during Heinrich events. Paleoceanography. DOI:10.1002/2017PA003150.

Murphy, L.N., Bellomo, K. Cane, M., and A. Clement, 2017: The Role of Historical Forcings in Simulating the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Geophys. Res. Lett.44, 2472-2480, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071337.

Cane, M.A., Clement, A.C., Murphy, L.N.,  and K. Bellomo, 2017: Low Pass Filtering, Heat Flux and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Journal of Climate. DOI:  10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0810.1. 

Benedict, J., B. Medeiros, A. Clement, A. Pendergrasse: Sensitivities of the Hydrologic Cycle to Model Physics, Grid Resolution, and Ocean Type in the Aquaplanet Community Atmosphere ModelJ. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 9, 1307–1324, doi:10.1002/2016MS000891.

Bellomo, K., Murphy, L.N.,  Cane, M., Clement, A.C., Polvani, L, 2017.: Historical Forcings as Main  Drivers of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the CESM Large  Ensemble. Climate Dynamics. DOI:

Arienzo, M.M., J.R. McConnell, L.N. Murphy,  N. Chellman, S. Das, 2017: Holocene black carbon in Antarctica  parallels insolation-driven South American climate. Journal of  Geophysical Research - Atmospheres. DOI: 10.1002/2017JD026599.

Arienzo, M.  P. K. Swart, K. Broad, A. C. Clement, A. Pourmand, B. Kakuk, 2017: Multi-proxy evidence of millennial scale climate variability from multiple Bahamian speleothem. Quat. Sci. Rev., 161, 18-29, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.02.004


Albani, S., N. M. Mahowald, L. N. Murphy,  R. Raiswell, J. K. Moore, R. F. Anderson, D. McGee, L.I. Bradtmiller, B. Delmonte, P. P. Hesse, P.A. Mayewski, 2016: Paleodust variability since the Last Glacial Maximum and implications for iron inputs to the ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett.43, 3944-3954. doi:10.1002/2016GL067911.

Clement, A., M. A. Cane, L. N. Murphy, K. Bellomo, 2016: Response to Comment on "The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation without a role for ocean circulation". Science352 (6283), 1527-1527.

Middlemas, E., and A. Clement, 2016: Spatial patterns and frequency of unforced decadal-scale changes in global mean surface temperature in climate models. J. Climate., 29 (17), 6245-6257, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0609.1.​ [pdf]

Bellomo, K., A. C. Clement, L. N. Murphy, L. M. Polvani, and M. A. Cane, 2016: New observational evidence for a positive cloud feedback that amplifies the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Geophys. Res. Lett.43, 9852-9859, doi:10.1002/2016GL069961. [pdf]

Zhang, H.A. Clement, B. Medeiros, 2016: The Meridional Mode in an Idealized Aquaplanet Model: Dependence on Mean State. J. Climate, 29, 2889-2905, doi:

Radel, G., T. Mauritsen, B. Stevens, D. Dommenget, D. Matei, K. Bellomo and A. Clement, 2016: Amplification of El Nino by cloud longwave coupling to atmospheric circulation. Nature Geoscience, 9, 106-110, doi:10.1038/NGEO2630.

Palmer, J.,  C. M. Turney, E. R. Cook, P. Fenwick, Z. Thomas, G. Helle, R. Jones, A. Clement, A. Hogg, J. Southon, C. B. Ramsey, R. Staff, R. Muscheler, T. Corrège and Q. Hua, 2016: Changes in the expression of the El Nino- Southern Oscillation during Greenland Stadial 1 chronozone revealed by New Zealand tree-rings. Quat. Sci. Rev.,153, 139-155, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.10.003

Burgman, R., B. Kirtman, A. Clement, H. Vazquez, 2016: Low-level clouds drive persistent changes in atmospheric circulation and regional hydroclimate. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 428-437, doi:10.1002/2016GL071978.


Arienzo, M. M., P. K. Swart, A. Pourmand, K. Broad, A. C. ClementL. N. Murphy, H. V. Vonhof, B. Kakuk, 2015: Bahamian speleothem reveals climate variability associated with Heinrich stadials. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 430, 377-386. [pdf]

Erb., M., A. J. Broccoli, N. Graham, A. Clement, A. Wittenberg, G. Vecchi, 2015i: Response of the equatorial Pacific seasonal cycle to orbital forcing. J. Climate, 28, 9258-9276, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0242.1. [pdf

Bellomo, K., and A. Clement, 2015: Evidence for Weakening of Walker Circulation from Cloud Observations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42doi:10.1002/2015GL65463. [pdf]

Bellomo K.A. C. Clement, T. Mauritsen, G. Rädel, and B. Stevens, 2015: The Influence of Cloud Feedbacks on Equatorial Atlantic Variability. J. Climate28, 2725-2744. [pdf]

Clement, A., K. Bellomo, L. N. Murphy, M. A. Cane, T. Mauritsen, G. Radel, B. Stevens, 2015: The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation without a role for ocean circulation. Science350, 320-324. [pdf] [suppl]


Bellomo, K.A. C. Clement, J. Norris, and B. Soden, 2014a: Observational and model estimates of cloud amount-SST feedback over the Indian and Pacific Oceans. J. Climate27 (2), 925-940, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00165.1. [pdf]

Bellomo, K.A. C. Clement,  T. Mauritsen, G. Rädel, and B. Stevens, 2014b: Simulating the Role of Subtropical Stratocumulus Clouds in Driving Pacific Climate Variability. J. Climate27, 5119-5131, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00548.1. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., and P. DiNezio, 2014: Tropical Pacific Ocean: Back in the Drivers Seat? Science343, 976-978, doi: 10.1126/science.1248115. [Perspectives - pdf]

Mantsis, D.,  B. Lintner, A. J. Broccoli, M. Erb, A. C. Clement, and H-S Park, 2014: The response of Large-Scale Circulation to Obliquity-Induced Changes in Meridional Heating Gradients. J. Climate, 27 (14), 5504–5516, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00526.1. [pdf]

Murphy, L.,  A. C. Clement, S. Albani, N. M. MahowaldB. L. Otto-Bliesner, P. Swart, and M. Arienzo, 2014: Simulated Changes in Atmospheric Dust in Response to Heinrich Events. Paleoceanography, 29 (1), 30-43, doi: 10.1002/2013PA002550. [pdf]

Wayman E. Baker, Robert Atlas, Carla Cardinali, Amy Clement, George D. Emmitt, Bruce M. Gentry, R. Michael Hardesty, Erland Källén, Michael J. Kavaya, Rolf Langland, Michiko Masutani, Will McCarty, R. Bradley Pierce, Zhaoxia Pu, Lars Peter Riishojgaard, James Ryan, Sara Tucker, Martin Weissmann, and James G. Yoe, 2014: Lidar-Measured Wind Profiles – The Missing Link in the Global Observing System. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.95, 543–564, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00164.1. [pdf]

Zhang, H.A. C. Clement, and P. DiNezio, 2014a: The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A mechanism for ENSO-like variability. J. Climate, 27, 769–783, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00082.1. [pdf]

Zhang, H., C. Deser, A. C. Clement, and R. Tomas, 2014b: Equatorial Signatures of the Pacific Meridional Modes: Dependence on Mean Climate State. Geophys. Res. Lett.41, 568–574, doi:10.1002/2013GL058842. [pdf]


DiNezio, P., G. Vecchi, and A. C. Clement, 2013: Detectability of Changes in the Walker Circulation in Response to Global Warming. J. Climate, 26, 4038–4048, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00531.1. [pdf]

Erb, M., A. J. Broccoli, and A. C. Clement, 2013:  The contribution of radiative feedbacks to orbitally-driven climate change. J. Climate, 26 (16), 5897-5914, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00419.1. [pdf]

Mantsis, D. F.A. C. Clement, B. Kirtman, A. J. Broccoli, and M. Erb, 2013: Precessional Cycles and their influence on the North Pacific and North Atlantic summer anticyclones. J. Climate26 (13), 4596–4611, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00343.1. [pdf]


Chung, E., B. Soden, and A. C. Clement, 2012: Diagnosing climate feedbacks in coupled ocean-atmosphere models. Surveys in Geophysics33 (3-4), 733-744, doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9187-x. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., 2012: El Nino-Southern Oscillation: What is the outlook for ENSO? PAGES News20 (1), 28. [pdf]    

DiNezio, P. N., B. Kirtman, A. C. Clement, S.-K. Lee, G. A. Vecchi, and A. Wittenberg. 2012: Mean Climate Controls on the Simulated Response of ENSO to Increasing Greenhouse Gases. J. Climate25, 7399–7420, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00494.1. [pdf]

Wang, C., C. Deser, J.-Y. Yu, P. DiNezio, and A. Clement (2012). El Nino and Southern Oscillation (ENSO): A Review. In P. Glynn, D. Manzello, and I. Enochs (Eds.), Coral Reefs of the Eastern Pacific. Springer-Verlag. [Chapter - pdf]


Clement, A. C.P. DiNezio, and C. Deser, 2011: Rethinking the Ocean’s Role in the Southern Oscillation. J. Climate24, 4056-4072, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3973.1. [pdf]

DiNezio, P. N.A. C. Clement, G. A. Vecchi, B. Soden, A. J. Broccoli, B. L. Otto-Bliesner, and P. Braconnot, 2011: The response of the Walker circulation to Last Glacial Maximum forcing: Implications for detection in proxies. Paleoceanography26, 3217, doi: 10.1029/2010PA002083. [pdf]

Mantsis, D. F.A. C. Clement, A. J., Broccoli, and M. P. Erb, 2011: Climate feedbacks in response to changes in obliquity. J. Climate24 (11), 2830-2845, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3986.1.


Burgman, R., R. Seager, A. Clement, and C. Herweijer, 2010: Role of tropical Pacific SSTs in global medieval hydroclimate: A modeling study, Geophys. Res. Lett.37, L06705, doi: 10.1029/2009GL042239. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., A. C. Baker, and J. Leloup, 2010: Climate change: Patterns of tropical warming. Nature Geoscience3, 8-9, doi: 10.1038/ngeo728. [News & Views - pdf]

Clement, A. C., R. Burgman, and J. Norris, 2010: Reply to Broccoli and Klein comment on ‘Observational and model evidence for positive low-level cloud feedback. Science329 (5989), 277, doi: 10.1126/science.1187667. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., B.Kirtman, and A. Pirani, 2010: Climate Literacy as a foundation for progress in predicting and adapting to the climate of the coming decades. BAMS, 92 (5), 633-635, doi: 10.1175/2010BAMS3161.1. [pdf]

DiNezio, PA. Clement, and G. Vecchi, 2010: Reconciling Differing Views of Tropical Pacific Climate Change EOS91 (16), 141-142, doi: 10.1029/eost2010EO16. [pdf]


Clement, A.R. Burgman, and J. Norris, 2009: Observational and model evidence for positive low-level cloud feedback. Science, 325 (5939), 460 – 464, doi: 10.1126/science.1171255. [pdf]

DiNezio, P.A. Clement, G. Vecchi, B. Soden, B. Kirtman, and S.-K. Lee, 2009: Climate Response of the Equatorial Pacific to Global Warming. J. Climate22 (18), 4873–4892, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2982.1. [pdf]

Leloup, J., and A. Clement, 2009: Why is there a minimum in projected warming in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean? Geophys. Res. Lett.36, L14802, doi:10.1029/2009GL038609. [pdf]

Mantsis, D. F., and A. C. Clement, 2009: Simulated variability in the mean atmospheric meridional circulation over the 20th century. Geophys. Res. Lett.36, L06704, doi: 10.1029/2008GL036741. [pdf]



Broad, K., J. Bolson, A. Clement, R. Balstad, S. Marx, N. Peterson, and I. Ramirez (2008). Climate and Human Health: Physics, Policy, and Possibilities. In P. J. Walsh, S. L. Smith, L. E. Fleming, H. Solo-Gabriele, and W. H. Gerwick (Eds.), Oceans and Human Health: Risks and Remedies from the Sea (pp. 35-58). New York: Elsevier Science Publishers. [link]

Burgman, R.A. C. Clement, C. M. Mitas, J. Chen, and K. Esslinger, 2008: Evidence for Atmospheric variability over the Pacific on decadal timescales. Geophys. Res. Letts., 35, L01704, doi:10.1029/2007GL031830. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., and L. C. Peterson, 2008: Mechanisms of abrupt climate change of the last glacial period. Rev. Geophys., 46, RG4002, doi:10.1029/2006RG000204. [pdf]

Seager, R., R. Burgman, Y. Kushnir, A. Clement, E. Cook, N. Naik, and J. Miller, 2008: Tropical Pacific forcing of North American Medieval megadroughts: Testing the concept with an atmosphere model forced by coral-reconstructed SSTs. J. Climate21 (23), 6175-6190, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2170.1. [pdf]

Vecchi, G., A. Clement, and B. Soden, 2008: Examining the Tropical Pacific’s Response to Global Warming. EOS89, 81-83. [pdf]


Timmermann, A., S. Lorenz, S.-I. An, A. Clement, and S.-P. Xie, 2007: The Effect of Orbital Forcing on the Mean Climate and Variability of the Tropical Pacific. J. Climate20 (16), 4147–4159, doi: 10.1175/JCLI4240.1. [pdf]

Timmermann, A., Y. Okumura, S.-I. An, A. Clement, B. Dong, E. Guilyardi, J. Jungclaus, U. Krebs, M. Renold, T.F. Stocker, R. J. Stouffer, R. Sutton, S.-P. Xie, and J. Yin, 2007:  The influence of a collapse of the meridional circulation of the Atlantic on ENSO. J. Climate20 (19), 4899–4919, doi: 10.1175/JCLI4283.1. [pdf]


Cane, M. A., P. Braconnot, A. Clement, H. Gildor, S. Joussaume, M. Kageyama, M. Khodri, D. Paillard, S. Tett, and E. Zorita, 2006: Progress in Paleoclimate modeling. J. Climate19 (20), 5031–5057, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3899.1. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., 2006: The role of the ocean in the seasonal cycle of the Hadley circulation. J. Atmos. Sci., 63 (12), 3351–3365, doi: 10.1175/JAS3811.1. [pdf]

Clement, A. C. (2006, August 20). Global warming policy has no balance. Durango Herald.

Clement, A. C., J. Emile-Geay, R. Seager, M. Cane and M. Evans, 2006: Solar forcing of the tropical Pacific climate and impacts over North America over the last 1000 years. PAGES News14 (2), 12-14. [pdf]

Fleming, L. E., K. Broad, A. Clement, E. Dewailly, S. Elmir, A. Knap, S. A. Pomponi, S. Smith, H. Solo-Gabriele, and P. Walsh, 2006: Oceans and Human Health: Emerging Public Health Risks in the Marine Environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin53 (10-12), 545-560, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.08.012. [pdf]

Mitas C. M., and A. Clement, 2006: Recent behavior of the Hadley cell and tropical thermodynamics in climate models and reanalyses. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L01810, doi:10.1029/2005GL024406. [pdf]


Clement, A. C., R. Seager, and R. Murtugudde, 2005: Why Are There Tropical Warm Pools? J. Climate18 (24), 5294–5311, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3582.1. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., and B. Soden, 2005: The Sensitivity of the Tropical-mean Radiation Budget. J. Climate18 (16), 2909–2923, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3456.1. [pdf]

Hall, A., A. Clement, D. W. J. Thompson, A. J. Broccoli, and C. Jackson, 2005: The Importance of Atmospheric Dynamics in the Northern Hemisphere Wintertime Climate Response to Changes in the Earth’s Orbit. J. Climate, 18 (9), 1315–1325, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3327.1. [pdf]

Herweijer, C., R. Seager, M. Winton, and A. Clement, 2005: Why ocean heat transport warms the global mean climate. Tellus A57 (4), 662-675, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2005.00121.x. [pdf]

Mann, M. E., M. A. Cane, S. E. Zebiak, and A. Clement, 2005: Volcanic and Solar Forcing of the Tropical Pacific over the Past 1000 Years. J. Climate, 18 (3), 447–456, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-3276.1. [pdf]

Mitas C. M., and A. Clement, 2005: Has the Hadley cell been strengthening in recent decades? Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L03809, doi:10.1029/2004GL021765. [pdf]


Clement, A. C., 2004: Review of “Changing Sea Levels: Effects of tides, weather and climate” by D. Pugh. Bull. Marine Sci., 75 (3), 499-500. [pdf]

Clement, A. C. and L. Peterson (2004, August 1). Use Science, Public Policy. Miami Herald.

Clement, A. C., A. Hall, and A. J. Broccoli, 2004: The importance of precessional signals in the tropical climate. Climate Dynamics22 (4), 327 – 341, doi: 10.1007/s00382-003-0375-8. [pdf]

Otto-Bliesner, B., and A. C. Clement (2004). The sensitivity of the Hadley circulation to past and future climate forcing in two climate models. In H. F. Diaz and R. S. Bradley (Eds.), The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past and Future (pp. 437-464). Advances in Global Change Research, Vol 21. Kluwer Academic Publishers. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_15.


Emile-Geay, J., M. A. Cane, N. Naik, R. Seager, A. C. Clement, and A. VanGeen, 2003: Warren revisited: Atmospheric freshwater fluxes and “Why is no deep water formed in the North Pacific.” J. Geophys. Res., 108 (C6), 1-12, doi: 10.1029/2001JC001058. [pdf]

Garreaud, R., M. Vuille, and A. C. Clement, 2003: The climate of the Altiplano: observed current conditions and mechanisms of past changes.  Palaeogeo. Palaeoclim. Palaeoeco194, 5-22, doi: 10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00269-4. [pdf]

Seager, R., R. Murtugudde, N. Naik, A. C. Clement, N. Gordon, and J. Miller, 2003a: Air-sea interaction and the seasonal cycle of the subtropical anticyclones. J. Climate16 (12), 1948-1966. [pdf]

Seager, R., R. Murtugudde,  A. C. Clement, and C. Herweijer, 2003b: Why is there an evaporation minimum at the equator? J. Climate16, 3792-3801. [pdf]


Clement, A.C., 2002: Review of “Ocean Circulation and Climate: Observing and Modeling the Global Ocean” by Seidler et al. Episodes25, 4. 

Kukla, G. K., A. C. Clement, M. A. Cane, J. E. Gavin, and S. Zebiak, 2002: Last Interglacial and early glacial ENSO. Quaternary Research58 (1), 27-31, doi: 10.1006/qres.2002.2327. [pdf]

Schmittner, A., and A. C. Clement, 2002:  Sensitivity of the thermohaline circulation to tropical and high latitude freshwater forcing during the last
glacial-interglacial cycle. Paleoceanography17 (2), doi: 10.1029/2000PA000591. [pdf

Seager, R., D. S. Battisti, J. Yin, N. Gordon, N. Naik, A. C. Clement, and M. A. Cane, 2002: Is the Gulf Stream responsible for Europe’s mild winters? Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc, 128 (586), 2563-2586, Part B, doi: 10.1256/qj.01.128. [pdf]


Clement, A. C., M. A. Cane, and R. Seager, 2001: An orbitally driven tropical source for abrupt climate change. J. Climate14 (11), 2369-2375. [pdf]

Sandweiss, D. H., K. A. Maasch, R. L. Burger, J. B. Richardson, H. B. Rollins, and A. C. Clement, 2001: Variation in Holocene El Niño frequencies:  Climate records and cultural consequences in ancient Peru. Geology29 (7), 603-606, doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2001)​029<0603:VIHENO>​2.0.CO;2. [pdf]

Stute, M., A. C. Clement, and G. Lohmann, 2001: Global climate models: Past, present and future. Procs. Nat. Acad. Sci., 98 (19), 10529-10530, doi: 10.1073/pnas.191366098. [pdf]


Cane, M. A., A. C. Clement, M. K. Gagan, L. K. Ayliffe, and S. Tudhope, 2000: ENSO through the Holocene, depicted in corals and a model simulation. PAGES Newsletter8 (1), 3-7. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., R. Seager, and M. A. Cane, 2000: Suppression of El Niño during the mid-Holocene by changes in the Earth's orbit. Paleoceanography, 15 (6), 731-737, doi: 10.1029/1999PA000466. [pdf]

Seager, R., A. C. Clement, M. A. Cane, and S. E. Zebiak, 2000: Glacial cooling in the tropics: exploring the roles of tropospheric water vapor, surface wind speed and boundary layer processes. J. Atmos. Sci., 57 (13), 2144-2157. [pdf]


Clement, A. C. and M. A. Cane, 1999: A role for the tropical Pacific coupled ocean-atmosphere system on Milankovich and millennial timescales. Part I: A modeling study of tropical Pacific variability. In AGU Monograph: Mechanisms of global climate change at millennial time scales. [pdf]

Cane, M. A., and A. C. Clement, 1999: A role for the tropical Pacific coupled ocean-atmosphere system on Milankovich and millennial timescales. Part II: Global impacts. In AGU Monograph: Mechanisms of global climate change at millennial time scales. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., and R. Seager, 1999: Climate and the tropical oceans. J. Climate12, 3383-3401. [pdf]

Clement, A. C., R. Seager, and M. A. Cane, 1999: Orbital controls on ENSO and the tropical climate. Paleoceanography, 14 (4), 441-456, doi: 10.1029/1999PA900013. [pdf]


Kaplan, A., M. A. Cane, Y. Kushnir, A. C. Clement, M. B. Blumenthal, and B. Rajagopalan, 1998: Analyses of global sea surface temperature 1856–1991. J. Geophys. Res.103 (C9), 18,567-18,589, doi: 10.1029/97JC01736. [pdf]


Clement, A. C., M. A. Cane, and R. Seager, 1997: Patterns and mechanisms of Twentieth Century climate change. World Resource Rev.10, 161-185.

Cane, M. A., A. C. Clement, A. Kaplan, Y. Kushnir, R. Murtugudde, D. Pozdnyakov, R. Seager, and S. E. Zebiak, 1997: Twentieth century sea surface temperature trends. Science275 (5302), 957-960, doi: 10.1126/science.275.5302.957. [pdf]


Clement, A. C., R. Seager, M. A. Cane, and S. E. Zebiak, 1996: An ocean dynamical thermostat. J. Climate(9), 2190-2196. [pdf]


Clement, A. C., and A. L. Gordon, 1995: The absolute velocity field of Agulhas eddies and the Benguela Current. J. Geophys. Res.100 (C11), 22591-22601, doi: 10.1029/95JC02421. [pdf]